able, to a certain extent, to determine the location of a sound
source and to use this information to focus on a person speech while
ignoring the ambient noise.
Similarly, microphones arrays enable to locate sounds and filter them depending of their incoming direction. Unlike light, that propagates too fast to record travel times easily, time difference of arrival (TDOA) of a same sound recorded by two different microphones can be computed directly and used to detect the origin of a sound.Though microphone arrays are known since the 20s for military applications (aircraft detection, artillery localization), the tremendous increase in computational power as well as the miniaturization of microphones have opened new theories and algorithms – precise sound source localization through deconvolution, ambient noise filtering – and new areas of uses: sound filtering in telecommunications (laptops, smart-phones), industrial applications (optimization of airplanes design to reduce noise emission).
Meanwhile, widely spread arrays are nowadays limited to 2, 3 or 4 microphones and are unable to deal with complex situations like multiple speakers, room reverberation or diffraction due to large wavelength of audible sound waves.
In this project, a microphone array with a large number of elements has been built together with a fast middleware architecture that is able to record and stream sounds from 64 sources with low latency. Together with a standard optical camera, the array is able to compute an acoustic image of a scene and to superpose it with the optical image, in real-time.
More information on www.distran.ch
This project is supported by a Pioneer Fellowship.
You are interested to participate in the development of the next generation acoustic camera? You want to know more about the capabilities of a microphone array? Do not hesitate to contact us!
If you are a student and are looking for a semester project/master thesis or a paid job, please have a look below or directly contact us if you have an other exciting idea.
Come with your own ideas or choose a subject in the list below:
Apr-Aug 2012 - M. Chareton - "Localizing sound sources using multiple microphone arrays". Award: Prix du stage de recherche 2012, École polytechnique, France
Apr-Aug 2012 - S. Humeau - "Study of the effect of near field scratching noises on a microphone array"
Updated Nov. 07 2013
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